Last Blog Entry!

•April 9, 2007 • Leave a Comment

Well, unfortunately this class didn’t end as planned. We were to have build a web page including our scanned images with the appropriate fields to describe them. Hope David is feeling better. We would have had a hard time re-scheduling is coming week with exam’s and all. All in all, the class was best understood when explained in class – I didn’t find the readings too helpful. I did enjoy the Building a Good Collection article though – it helped with the digital proposal assignment.

 Thank you both Trina and David! Have a great summer.


Data Processing – Chpt. 2

•March 14, 2007 • Leave a Comment

 Well, I found that reading quite useless. I hold info. better when someone is speaking in detail about it. Here is what i got out of it:

Two kinds of SQL – DML  and DDL statements. Querying data for updating and deleting data.

 The basic structure of SQL statement is Select/from/where.

 Feilds are like columns headers. Records contain the actual data. Tables can have relationships.

 There are primary keys (like titles) and foreign keys that build relationships between tables.

Database Processing – Chapter 1

•March 7, 2007 • Leave a Comment

I like the charts that show you how to go about this. I find it better when things of this nature are drawn out. I admit, it is still confusing and I find it easier to understand when you go into detail in class. Are the dept. numbers similar to the numbers used in the metadata (like Marc)?

NOTES: Basically, the DBMS manages the database. It processes SQL statements for the database. The DB2 _by IBM) works faster than the SQL. Database design is important – yet difficult. Database redesign is called Database migration.

•February 28, 2007 • 2 Comments

Reading week

•February 22, 2007 • Leave a Comment

This is just a reminder to myself that I have not missed an entry – it’s just reading week.

Building Good Digital Collections

•February 13, 2007 • Leave a Comment



Collections principle 1: A good digital collection is created according to an explicitcollection development policy that has been agreed upon and documented beforedigitization begins. 

Collections principle 2: Collections should be described so that a user can discovercharacteristics of the collection, including scope, format, restrictions on access,ownership, and any information significant for determining the collection’s authenticity,integrity, and interpretation. 

Collections principle 3: A collection should be sustainable over time. In particular, digitalcollections built with special internal or external funding should have a plan for theircontinued usability beyond the funded period. 

Collections principle 4: A good collection is broadly available and avoids unnecessaryimpediments to use. Collections should be accessible to persons with disabilities, and

usable effectively in conjunction with adaptive technologies.

 Collections principle 5: A good collection respects intellectual property rights. Collectionmanagers should maintain a consistent record of rightsholders and permissions grantedfor all applicable materials. 

Collections principle 6: A good collection has mechanisms to supply usage data andother data that allows standardized measures of usefulness to be recorded. 

Collections principle 7: A good collection fits into the larger context of significant relatednational and international digital library initiatives. For example, collections of contentuseful to education in science, math, and/or engineering should be usable in the NSFfunded 

National Science Digital Library (NSDL).


Objects principle 1: A good digital object will be produced in a way that ensures itsupports collection priorities, while maintaining qualities contributing to interoperabilityand reusability. 

Objects principle 2: A good object is persistent. That is, it will be the intention of someknown individual or institution that the good object will remain accessible over timedespite changing technologies. 

Objects principle 3: A good object is digitized in a format that supports intended currentand likely future use or that supports the derivation of access copies that support thoseuses. Consequently, a good object is exchangeable across platforms, broadly accessible,and will either be digitized according to a recognized standard or best practice or deviatefrom standards and practices only for well documented reasons. 

Objects principle 4: A good object will be named with a persistent, unique identifier thatconforms to a well-documented scheme. It will not be named with reference to its absolutefilename or address (e.g. as with URLs and other Internet addresses) as filenames andaddresses have a tendency to change. Rather, the stable identifier can be resolved

(mapped) to the actual address.

 Objects principle 5: A good object can be authenticated in at least three senses. First, auser should be able to determine the object’s origins, structure, and developmental history(version, etc.). Second, a user should be able to determine that the object is what itpurports to be. Third, a user should be able to determine that the object has not been

corrupted or changed in an unauthorized way.

 Objects principle 6: A good object will have associated metadata. All good objects willhave descriptive and administrative metadata. Some complex objects will have structural metadata.This article describes the way in which one goes about building a proper, organized, accessible, adaptable digital collection. I like how the object is broken down.

Annotated Bibliography: Metadata Standard selection and usage

•February 9, 2007 • Leave a Comment

Works Sited: Metadata information best suited to imaging standards

1. Besser, Howard. Introduction to Imaging. Ed. Sally Hubbard and Deborah Lenert. Rev. ed. ed. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2003.
Key concepts And Terms — The Digital Image Defined — Standards — Metadata — Metadata Crosswalks and Controlled Vocabularies — The Image — Image Reproduction and Color Management — Sample Depth / Dynamic Range — Resolution — Compression — File Formats — Networks, System Architecture, and Storage — Part II – Workflow — Why Digitize? — Project Planning — Selecting Scanners — Image Capture — Master Files — Access Files — Selecting a Metadata Schema — Metadata Format — Quality Control — Delivery — Security Policies and Procedures — Long-Term Management and Preservation.

2. Fanning, Betsy. “Data, Data, Everywhere Data: Metadata Standards.” AIIM E-Doc Magazine 20.3 (2006): 76-7.
Journal article from May/June 2006 about metadata and its growing popularity.

3.Government of Canada Core Subject thesaurus|h[Electronic Resource]. Ed. Depository Services Program (Canada). Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2004.
On-line source from The Government of Canada (electronic resource) thesaurus to use for metadata standard words.

4. Heath, Barbara P., et al. “Metadata Lessons from the iLumina Digital Library.” Communications of the ACM 48.7 (2005): 68(7)-75.
Experts share their five years of experience with an implementation of Learning Object Metadata, drawing general lessons useful to everyone who wants to understand the practical challenges of using metadata to describe digital materials on the Web. Metadata standards are evolving and the practical implementation results would continue to shape the evolution of the standards.

5. Introduction to Art Image Access: Issues, Tools, Standards, Strategies. Ed. Murtha Baca. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2002.
1. Subject access to art images / Sara Shatford Layne — 2. The language of images : enhancing access to images by applying metadata schemas and structured vocabularies / Patricia Harpring — 3. It begins with the cataloguer : subject access to images and the cataloguer’s perspective / Colum Hourihane — 4. The image user and the search for images / Christine L. Sundt.
Summary – Effective, standardized cataloguing of images of works of art is essential for their easy online retrieval by end-users. This volume in the Introduction to…series discusses strategies for using metadata standards and controlled vocabularies to provide accurate access via subject analysis and description.

6. Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information. Ed. Murtha Baca and Getty Information Institute. Los Angeles, Calif.: Getty Information Institute, 1998.
The sheer volume of digital information now available over electronic networks has created a pressing need to devise shared standards that will assist in locating, retrieving and managing the data. This volume in the Introduction to… series emphasizes initiatives related to cultural heritage information metadata systems.

7. Lazinger, Susan S. Digital Preservation and Metadata: History, Theory, Practice. Ed. Helen R. Tibbo. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2001.
Pt. I. Issues. Ch. 1. Why Is Digital Preservation an Issue? Ch. 2. What Electronic Data Should Be Preserved? Ch. 3. Who Should Be Responsible for Digital Preservation? Ch. 4. How Can Electronic Publications Be Preserved? Ch. 5. How Much Will It Cost? — Pt. II. Models, Formats, and Standards. Ch. 6. Models for Syntactic and Semantic Interoperability: Metalanguages and Metadata Formats. Ch. 7. Standards for Structural Interoperability: Frameworks and Wrapper Technologies. Ch. 8. From Theory to Reality: Selected Electronic Data Archives in the United States. Ch. 9. Further Reality: International Digital Cultural Heritage Centers and Sites and Electronic Data Archives.

8. “New and Emerging Metadata Standards.” Library Technology Reports 41.6 (2005): 34(11)-45.
2005 journal article about new software and technologies for the advancement in metadata technologies.

9. Roel, Eulalia. “The MOSC Project: Using the OAI-PMH to Bridge Metadata Cultural Differences Across Museums, Archives, and Libraries.” Information Technology and Libraries 24.1 (2005): 22-4.
The MetaScholar Initiative of Emory University Libraries, in collaboration with the Center for the Study of Southern Culture, the Atlanta History Center, and the Georgia Music Hall of Fame, received an Institute of Museum and Library Services grant to develop a new model for library-museum-archives collaboration. This collaboration will broaden access to resources for learning communities through the use of the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). The project, titled Music of Social Change (MOSC), will use OAI-PMH as a tool to bridge the widely varying metadata standards and practices across museums, archives, and libraries. This paper will focus specifically on the unique advantages of the use of 0AI-PMH to concurrently maximize the exposure of metadata emergent from varying metadata cultures. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

10. “Update on Major Metadata Standards.” Library Technology Reports 41.6 (2005): 20(14)-34.
2005 journal article about new software and technologies for the advancement in metadata technologies.

NOTES: I used REFWORKS to gather the information needed. This class is about saving time right? It is the first time I have ever used REFWORKS and I am amazed at how easy it was. I decided to find information on “metadata standard selection and usage”. I looked up five peer reviewed works that are published under ARTS & HUMANITIES @SCHOLARS PORTAL from the search by subject feild in the ARTICLES section. The other five samples were found using a subject search in the CATALOGUE section using “metadata standards”. I then skimmed the information for all of these works and made my selection keeping in mind variety. In REFWORKS, you can choose the style of bibliography format. I went with MLA because that is what I know best. I find Chicago gets way too confusing. I copy and pasted the notes that were already included in the system. There were some articles that did not include and notes about the writing so those I gave a short bit of information. I love REFWORKS! Just to note, when I exported from REFWORKS html format to wordpress, the titles were no longer underlined. I could not figure out how to underline them myself.